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Bionic Architecture – Innovative structures inspired by nature!

Bionics is more than just a trend in architecture; it is a method of exploring, observing, and learning from a perfect source that has been evolving for more than 3.5 billion years—mother nature.

Since prehistoric times, the assessment of biological mechanisms has been a major source of innovation, as seen in the development of architecture. This concept of bionic architecture resurfaces as adaptive design and sustainable architecture are at the heart of everything.

Given that construction is as old as human civilization, and its first formal and structural source was undoubtedly the surrounding environment, architecture, and bionics are closely related.

Bionics and Architecture

Jack E. Steele, an American physician, was the first to use the term “bionics” in 1958. He defined bionics as the use of biological principles and systems found in nature to analyze and create engineering systems and contemporary technology.

People have turned their attention to the natural environment since the onset of the global ecological crisis and the rise of natural environmentalism, hoping to create their ideal “artificial nature” or “natural city” through the study of natural ecology and life mechanisms, in order to explore the harmony between man and nature and to protect the earth’s ecology. The goal is to examine the harmonious relationship between humans and nature and to protect the earth’s ecological environment’s sustainability.

Bionics is important not only for solving certain problems of human production and life in design and urban planning but also for exploring the relationship between artificial buildings and the natural environment. As a result, bionic architecture has emerged as an important direction for the study of the diverse development of contemporary architecture.

5 examples of Bionics in Architecture – Biomimicry

One such philosophy that has contributed structures, principles, and forms to the built environment is biomimicry. By studying and modeling the techniques used by nature, biomimicry is a technique for resolving human problems.

Biomimicry uses nature as a benchmark, teacher, and role model. In architecture, biomimicry is frequently used to find sustainable solutions by comprehending the rules that govern the form rather than simply replicating the form.

In terms of materials, structural systems, design, and much more, it applies to many facets of the architectural and engineering professions. In biomimicry, three levels of mimicry can be observed: in the organism, in its behavior, and in the ecosystem.

Let’s take a look at 5 examples of Biomimicry-based Architecture:-

The Turning Torso, Sweden

Biomimicry Architecture - Innovative structures inspired by nature!

Calatrava was commissioned in 1999 to create a mixed-use residential tower for a prominent location in Malmö’s Western Harbour area that would be displayed at the 2001 European Housing Expo.

The shape of the tower was inspired by one of his sculptures, the Turning Torso, in which he elegantly arranged a stack of cubes around a central core to represent the abstract form of human movement.

Seven cubes are arranged around a steel support in the original sculpture to create a spiraling structural effect. Nine box units, each with triangular tips like cubes, make up the shape of the building in the HSB Turning Torso. Each unit, which is actually the tower’s “sub-buildings,” has five floors that are roughly 2,000 square meters (21,500 square feet) in size.

The Turning Torso is the tallest residential structure in Sweden and the second-tallest residential structure in all of Europe at 190 meters (623 square feet) in height.

The Shanghai Bionic Tower, China

Biomimicry Architecture - Innovative structures inspired by nature!

The project to construct Shanghai’s Bionic Tower was first conceived in 1997, but due to technical difficulties, it has not yet been completed. With 300 stories and a 1,228-meter (4,029-foot) main tower, it would have room for about 100,000 people. The Bionic Tower is not just a tower; it is meant to be a virtual city where the tower itself will take care of all the needs of its inhabitants.

Eloy Celaya, Mara Rosa Cervera, and Javier Gómez are three Spanish architects who created a structure intended for human habitation. The goal of the Bionic Tower is to use bionics to environmentally friendly solve the world’s population problems, which is a very challenging task.

CH2 (Council House 2), Australia

Biomimicry Architecture - Innovative structures inspired by nature!

Melbourne Council House 2 (CH2) is a multi-award winning and inspirational structure that has cut back on water use by 72%, gas use by 87%, CO2 emissions by 87%, and electricity use by 82%. At night, the structure exhausts stale air, and during the day, it draws in only fresh air.

The CH2 office building was created using termite mound concepts for design inspiration. Natural convection, thermal mass, water cooling, and ventilation stacks were used in the construction to mimic the termites’ system for regulating and maintaining the temperature in the mound.

The epidermis (outer skin) and dermis (inner skin) of the human body serve as inspiration for the building’s façade. While the inner line defines the fire compartment, the dermis serves as an exterior zone and houses stairways, ducts, lifts, etc.

In addition to converting sewage into drinkable water, the building’s exterior moves with the sun to reflect and gather heat. The structure has increased staff productivity by 4.9% and will recover the cost of its sustainable features in just over ten years.

The City of Arts and Sciences (Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias), Spain

Biomimicry Architecture - Innovative structures inspired by nature!

Calatrava added a special, radically intriguing shape to the nature-inspired structures. In terms of human analogies, Calatrava’s Planetarium in Spain is a landmark created from a drawing of an eyeball.

The project, which was designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela, started the initial stages of construction in July 1996 and was officially opened on April 16, 1998, when L’Hemisfèric first opened.

This cultural and architectural complex is one of the 12 Treasures of Spain and the most popular modern tourist attraction in Valencia.

Eiffel Tower, France

Biomimicry Architecture - Innovative structures inspired by nature!

Gustave Eiffel, a well-known French engineer, and architect created the Eiffel Tower in Paris. In 1889, he began construction on this enormous tower. It is situated in the Champ de Mars, along the Seine River.

The Eiffel Tower IS incredibly well-optimized to stand tall and strong while consuming the least amount of material. Eiffel let the skeleton of his masterpiece be seen. As a result, he revealed many of the “hidden rules of harmony” that give your skeleton its light strength.

The femur, or thigh bone, serves as an inspiration for the iron structure. While the outward flares at the base of the tower resemble the curved portion at the top of the bone, the internal iron braces represent the trabecula within the femur. The structure’s bone-like characteristics provide structural stability and resistance to shear winds.

The imminent threat of global warming motivates people as the world has begun to develop green energy, sustainable materials, and other renewable industries. The understanding and application of “organic” and “sustainable” is gradually gaining popularity.

In addition to adhering to and respecting the laws of nature, architects should use nature as inspiration for new environmental awareness initiatives, putting an emphasis on the organic unity of environmental ecology, economic efficiency, and architectural form consumption.

10 most inspiring BIM projects from around the world

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