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Construction Documents And Elements

In our previous article on architectural project planning, we learnt the basics of project planning, permit drawings and things to take care of at project detailing stage. In this article, we will have a look at another important section of project planning – creating construction documents.

Construction documents, also known as working drawings or project blueprints, are the documented format of every technical aspect in the form of drawings and specifications. Drawings gives a clear view of entire structure of the building with respect to what & how it is to be built, material and technology required, installation details and quality standards to be met. The drawings could be created using computer software tools like AutoCAD, Revit etc.

Construction specification are typically created using MS word or other text documents formats, and it is a detail list of deliverables describing working methodology and specifications of quality with performance requirements. Let’s have a look at individual elements involved in it –

Project Information Sheet
As the name suggest, it contains all details of project like cover page, list of drawings, ANSI details, ADA details, and property details like – building type, phases, city pin, location of map, code matrix, zonal details and applicable regulations etc.

It comprises site plans, floor plans, accessible egress path, demolition plans for existing construction at the project site, landscape plans, life safety plan and slab edge plans etc.

Elevations indicates the appearance of the fully constructed building, how it looks from outside. These are the flat images showing its heights, elements, external materials to be applied etc.

Construction Document-Sections

Section drawings shows hypothetical slices of building elements from the center of building or from specified viewpoints. Typically, elements like wall, foundation, floor to floor height, relationship between floor inside and the ground plan outside etc.

Unit Plans
These plans indicate are the phase, units or different sections of entire project.

Wall Assemblies
Document includes wall assembly details and requirements of materials, quality code compliance etc.

Interior Elevations
It gives you a flat view of vertical surface of interior walls, furniture, floor, power outlets, different elements in house and its height and size. Interior elevation plan and elements change according to project type, like residential, commercial, industrial will have a different interior elevation.

Callout Details
Callout details are keynotes or tags given to different objects like door, window or walls.

Finish Plans
Finish plans indicate materials to be used for floor, walls, Door, windows etc. Finish schedule is a data sheet containing quality, material supplies used, product names and manufacturer etc.

Lift and Staircases
The standard materials for staircase, suppliers of interior & parking elevations equipment’s are described here.

Construction documents are more of technical description of the project and uses Permit Drawings as basic for documentation and specifications.

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