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5 5G Trends for 2022 and Beyond

 

5G is laying the groundwork for a completely digitalized and linked future. We have witnessed several new field experiments and an increasing number of commercial rollouts over the last two years. Furthermore, we are seeing 5G being implemented in a variety of areas, ranging from manufacturing to healthcare. With its high throughput and ultralow latency, 5G can access various high-value domains such as 3D robotic control, virtual reality monitoring, and remote medical control that earlier technologies could not. 5G is reinventing and accelerating industries including automotive, entertainment, computing, and manufacturing, and it will eventually revolutionize the way we work and live.

Sub-6 GHz (3.5-7 GHz) and millimeter Wave (mmWave, >24 GHz) bands are the two new ones among the spectrums featured in 5G. The sub-6 GHz band is frequently the telecom operator’s first choice during the initial phase of 5G commercial rollouts. This is because the sub-6 GHz band has higher data throughput than the lower band while signal attenuation is less severe than in the mmWave band. According to IDTechEx’s research, 56 percent of 5G commercial services in the world operate in the sub-6 GHz range. Almost all of the base stations in the sub-6 GHz range are located in cities. Telecom companies have planned to introduce higher frequency bands, mainly in densely populated areas.

Each country/region has its specific release schedule for the spectrum. Despite the fact that the majority of countries issued the sub-6 GHz spectrum initially, there are rare exceptions. The US regulatory agency, for example, released the mmWave spectrum first and only released its sub-6 GHz band in early 2021. As a result, each country’s 5G rollout prognosis and deployment strategy will differ. We have provided a detailed regional analysis of 5G status and future roadmap in five key regions: the United States, China, Japan, South Korea, and Europe, including governmental strategy, funding, and key national telecom operators’ 5G rollout schedule and roadmap, as well as revenue analysis, in this report, 5G Technology, Market and Forecasts 2022-2032. Many of the attributes promised by 5G, such as 1 ms latency, will necessitate operating at mmWave. Such high frequency necessitates the development of new materials as well as new gadget architectures. Low-loss materials with low dielectric constant and tan loss, for example, as well as sophisticated packaging designs, are required for mmWave devices to avoid substantial transmission loss. Because of the low wavelength of mmWave transmissions, equipment is becoming increasingly compact and integrated, making power and thermal control even more crucial.

Let’s take a look at the 5 trends for technological advances in the 5G spectrum

5 5G Trends

  • mmWave – Millimeter waves, often known as mmWaves or high-band 5G, are frequencies that range from 24 GHz to beyond. As the frequency of radio waves increases, the length of each wave decreases. mmWave has a limited range of only 300 to 500 feet due to its high frequencies and struggles to penetrate buildings. 3G and 4G networks, on the other hand, can travel further and penetrate building materials better.

Until recently, millimeter waves were only employed by military and aerospace sector satellite and radar systems. However, as data consumption has increased, the industry recognized the need and opportunity for millimeter waves to be used in next-generation mobile networks.

Telcos are focusing on getting as much mid-band spectrum as possible for mobile use. Some argue that mmWave deployment for mobile use will be prohibitively expensive due to the short range.

  • Single Wholesale Network (SWN) – Beginning with the Single Wholesale Network in 2022, the effectiveness of new models of the 5G spectrum and network ownership will be evaluated (SWN). Governments and authorities throughout the world see 5G as a way to expedite the digital transformation of their businesses while also promoting economic growth. As a result, we expect them to play a considerably more visible role in the 5G era, providing incentives, reducing regulatory and planning bottlenecks, and ensuring timely access to important spectrum bands. We’re also seeing new, and in some cases recycled, spectrum and network ownership models emerge, with creative methods of spectrum assignment such as the CBRS band in the United States and spectrum distribution to verticals (e.g., manufacturing in Germany). 

Many mobile private networks have already been launched in 2021, and this trend is expected to continue in 2022. The Malaysian government is reviewing its strategy for 5G deployment after allocating spectrum to a special purpose vehicle (the Digital Nasional Berhad) to develop a single wholesale 5G network. A decision is expected by the end of January. Given the rocky history of SWNs to date, all eyes will be on the outcome of this decision, but if successful, it could provide an intriguing case study for other areas to consider when deploying 5G.

  • Open RAN – The most over-hyped component of 5G that consumers know very less about is open radio access networks (Open RAN). (Open RAN refers to the separation of the RAN into software-based components.) According to industry discussion at conferences, Open RAN will take off in earnest towards the second half of this decade. Open RAN opens up new opportunities for RAN customization and flexibility that are consistent with the diversity of 5G use cases and needs.

The Radio Access Network (RAN) is an important technology that connects users, such as mobile phones or businesses, to the mobile network via radio waves. It also serves as a gateway to all of the major web apps.

The O-RAN Alliance (O-RAN) is a group that develops radio access network specifications. It is a worldwide alliance that was created in 2018 and presently includes close to 30 operators and over 200 vendor businesses. The O-RAN Alliance is a new group that started with the 3GPP standards effort and set out to build extensions expressly for the RAN. The objectives are to give explicit blueprints for how to design the RAN solution enabling pieces from various vendors, as well as techniques for enabling artificial intelligence and machine learning for more efficient network management and orchestration.

  • Edge Computing – Edge computing is a distributed computing framework that brings enterprise applications closer to data sources such as Internet of Things (IoT) devices or local edge servers. This proximity to data at its source can result in significant business benefits such as faster insights, faster response times, and increased bandwidth availability.

5G speeds can be up to 10 times faster than 4G, while mobile edge computing minimizes latency by bringing compute capabilities closer to the end user.

Gartner estimates that by 2025, 75% of data will be processed outside the traditional data center or cloud. 

ABI Research says “Edge computing, both Mobile-Access Edge Computing (MEC), and general edge computing, will continue to increase in deployment numbers, but the deployments in 2022 will be most critical ones made by early adopters and not the start of the boom that is eagerly forecast. Edge computing use cases and financial viability is tightly coupled to 5G cellular networks, both public and private. The availability of affordable 5G services on which edge computing will thrive is not yet a global reality. As a result, edge computing adoption will be slower than anticipated.”

  • AI/ML (artificial intelligence/machine learning) – AI/ML, which stands for artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), is a significant advancement in computer science and data processing that is rapidly revolutionizing a wide range of businesses.

As businesses and other organizations undertake digital transformation, they are confronted with an expanding flood of data that is both extremely valuable and increasingly difficult to acquire, handle, and analyze. New tools and procedures are required to manage the massive amounts of data being collected, mine it for insights, and act on those insights once discovered.

5G will improve the speed and integration of other technologies, while AI will enable robots and systems to work at human intelligence levels. In a nutshell, 5G accelerates cloud services while AI analyses and learns from the same data faster.

The 5G market is only getting started. According to IDTechEx, consumer mobile services will earn approximately $800 billion in revenue by the end of 2032. Their prediction is based on a thorough examination of primary and secondary data, as well as a careful evaluation of market drivers, constraints, and key player activity. They also provide a ten-year forecast (2022-2032) for various segments such as 5G mobile revenue, subscriptions, and infrastructure based on five global regions (US, China, Korea & Japan, Europe, and others), 5G global mobile shipment, 5G global fixed wireless access revenue & customer promised equipment (CPE) shipment, and 5G critical components such as power amplifiers in this report.

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