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GeoBIM – A Marvellous Merger of GIS & BIM for Evolving Infrastructure Development

The AEC sector has transitioned from 2D to 3D BIM (Building Information Modeling) in recent years, allowing for greater information visualization and exchange. 

GIS (Geographic Information Systems) is a tool for analysis and visualization that has been used for more than 50 years in a variety of fields, including geospatial research and natural resource management, to address location-related issues by fusing spatial and attribute data. The GIS sector has also been investigating and attempting to enter 3D modeling. 

The merging of the two fields of Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) gave rise to the notion of GeoBIM. 

Can the realms of BIM and GIS work well together? 

Let’s find out. 

GIS – Geographical Information System 

GIS, or geographical information system, is software that analyzes, stores, and manipulates geographical information so that it can be seen in relation to other things. It can be used across numerous industries to gather all kinds of information from environmental data to determine logistics. 

GIS can take any source of relevant data and turn it into an interactive map, from spreadsheets to satellites, IoT to information databases. Remote sensing data is one of the most distant sources of data for GIS. 

BIM Building Information Modelling 

Building Information Modeling (BIM) describes the method of advancement and use of a computerized model to simulate the planning, design, construction, and operation of a building or facility. The resulting model or a Building Information Model is a data-rich, object-oriented, rational, and parametric digital representation of the facility containing both graphical and non-graphical information in a Common Data Environment (CDE) (a shared repository for digital project information). 

A Building Information Model characterizes the geometry, spatial relationships, geographic information, quantities and properties of building elements, cost estimates, material inventories, and project schedule. Therefore, Building Information Modelling BIM provides all information associated with the building or facility, including its physical/functional characteristics and project life cycle information, in a series of “Smart objects”. 

GeoBIM – The Convergence of BIM & GIS 

GIS has traditionally been used to model urban infrastructure and perform 2D spatial analysis on databases covering large areas in less detail. 

GIS models have become more detailed as technology has advanced and data acquisition methods have improved, covering 3D information of individual buildings – traditionally the domain of Building Information Modelling (BIM). 

The BIM domain, on the other hand, is more concerned with semantically rich information about the design, materials, construction, and other physical elements of building sites. BIM has also moved into the mainstream over the years, outperforming traditional building design platforms based on 2D CAD drawings.  

Furthermore, as BIM users recognised the need to incorporate surrounding features into their design workflow, the BIM domain is constantly improving its standards to support this type of information found in GIS datasets. 

GIS and BIM are now collaborating by modeling the same objects. Despite their convergence, the GIS and BIM domains each have their own focus and characteristics for modeling urban infrastructure elements, and thus data is represented and stored at varying levels of detail or abstraction in each system. 

GeoBIM – The Evolution of Urban Infrastructure  

This convergence has triggered technological advancements to integrate Geo-information and BIM with the goal of obtaining the best of both worlds. The integration of GIS and BIM in the urban context results in highly detailed 3D city models and Digital Twins of various city components.  

Furthermore, integrating GIS and BIM data aids in the avoidance of redundant modeling and facilitates data flow in both directions across software applications. 

BIM-enhanced 3D city models have the potential to be powerful information hubs for computer-based urban spatial analysis. BIM data can feed more general GIS data, and GIS data can provide context that BIM data often lacks. Using historical and current BIM datasets, a more detailed 3D city model can be created.  

BIM methodologies can be better applied to infrastructure projects with contextual GIS data. GeoBIM makes use of GIS’s powerful analysis tools for both the city and the building, allowing the user to test the impact of the building on the city and vice versa. 

Professionals (architects, engineers, urban planners, environmental scientists, etc.) will be able to use a well-designed and modeled city-wide 3D GeoBIM dataset hosted on efficient data management systems and platforms to use them in various applications ranging from infrastructure life cycle management to urban infrastructure design in a cost-effective way. 

Customers in any industry where businesses build, maintain, or rebuild fixed physical assets—such as campuses, water facilities, road or rail networks, utility networks, and more—will gain from using GeoBIM. 

ArcGIS GeoBIM 

Through the integration of ArcGIS with the Autodesk Construction Cloud® and BIM 360®, ArcGIS GeoBIM enables the linking of projects and workflows. 

It is simpler to access, visualize, and query project documentation from many sources when you integrate georeferenced ArcGIS features with Autodesk data within ArcGIS GeoBIM projects. 

Additionally, ArcGIS GeoBIM facilitates collaboration and communication in a safe, web-based setting that can be customized to meet the requirements of many stakeholders. 

In a nutshell, ArcGIS GeoBIM is a tool for analyzing risks, costs, and deadlines by looking at building information modeling (BIM) models, engineering documentation, and project management difficulties in a geographic context. 

Final Thoughts 

The realms of BIM and GIS can work well together. In the field of BIM, the server approach is gaining more and more traction, and BIM developers can benefit greatly from the knowledge of GIS developers.  

The BIM community is familiar with the answers to the 3D queries and problems raised in the GIS community. Users of BIM and GIS come together in a number of intricate projects. However, utilizing their respective technologies and methods of operation, both worlds attempt to address the planning issues.  

Communities can use GeoBIM applications to enrich 3D city models in order to plan, develop, monitor, and manage city-wide urban infrastructure in order to meet their Sustainable Development Goals. 

Follow INDOVANCE Inc for AEC Industry Updates and Global Construction News. 

INDOVANCE Inc  with its exclusive delivery hub in India is a global CAD technology partner serving the needs of the AEC industry since 2003. At INDOVANCE we focus on the unique need of each project or client and believe in addressing the real challenges and guarantee that the process will be well-coordinated, smooth, efficient, and hassle-free. 

We collaborate with our customers around the world to develop bespoke business solutions using our enormous engineering talent pool and state-of-the-art technology. To deliver long-term engineering and business strategies, we align with your culture and processes to create an unbreakable partnership. With over 500 full-time employees and more than 600 customers in the US, Europe, India, and Asia, we are poised for the next level of success. 

For more queries regarding any of the above-mentioned topics, feel free to connect with us on our website www.indovance.com or contact us on +1-919-238-4044 

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