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Understanding The 5 Critical Stages of the Construction Life Cycle – Construction Project Management


Every construction project is distinct, they vary in size, scale, and intricacy. However, there are five stages of building that all projects must go through. Understanding how the different parts of the process align together is very important and financially beneficial. Poor coordination and communication among specialists can lead to waste, over-budgeting, and delays. 

With a better understanding of construction project management and the stages of a construction project, you can decide where to start your project and who will hire you along the way to give you the best chance for success and give you a sense of what you expect for the entire project. It is important to maintain continuity throughout each phase of construction throughout the life cycle of the construction project to ensure meeting the deadlines under budget and at the same time maintain the integrity of the project. 

How can AEC businesses manage the construction project life cycle most efficiently and effectively? Let’s understand the five critical stages or phases of the construction life cycle. 

What are the stages of the construction project? Construction Project Life Cycle 

The phases of construction or sometimes called the stages of construction are the processes of building, landscaping, refurbishing, or remodeling plus all the associated activities, such as demolition, site clearance, administration, maintenance, and so on.  The following 5 Critical Stages of the Construction Project Life Cycle  Are:

1. Design Conception Phase

The process of articulating and defining the project’s goals, as well as analyzing the plan’s feasibility, is the initial phase of any big project. The planning phase, in layman’s words, is when the owner, architect, and construction manager have early discussions about what will be built, whether it will be approved by the jurisdictional authorities, and factors such as scope and quality assumptions. 

This phase is referred to as Conceptual Design by architects, and it is sometimes lumped in with Schematic Design in the AIA definition of architectural services. Every goal you establish must be SMART (Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, and Timely). They should also be CLEAR (Collaborative, Limited in scope, Emotional, Appreciable, and Refined). This is when a strategy defining the time frames, tasks, and dependencies comes in help. Materials, labor, and equipment costs should all be estimated in the budget. 

2. Pre-Construction Phase 

Pre- Construction begins with construction documents, which translate early planning into contract paperwork that will be submitted for a building permit and communicated to the contractor to clarify exactly what is being built. 

The preparation of construction documents is often divided into three phases in architecture: schematic design (SD), design development (DD), and construction documentation (CD). In general, when the SD phase is completed, the drawings are around 20% complete, the DD phase is 70% complete, and the CD phase is 100% complete. An extended DD set is frequently created as a plan check set in many jurisdictions with a complex series of approvals. This phase is imperative in preparing and executing a successful project. 

The following submittal procedures are also coordinated with the rest of the project team: 

  1. Deadlines for submittal delivery  
  2. Transmission method for submittals 
  3. Procedure for reviewing submissions 
  4. Review of deadlines 
  5. Controlling communications and documents 

3. Construction Phase 

This is the point at which all of your planning will pay off. Your construction manager and the contractor will transfer the project into actual construction as the project’s communications hub. Construction Administration is the job of the professional team during this phase. 

To undertake quality control inspections, reply to Requests for Information (RFIs), examine, and approve technical submittals, and generally guarantee that the project is delivered by the contractor as designed, your architect, all engineers, and consultants should be hired for full CA services. Construction will move forward smoothly if your team has completed the planning and preconstruction phases attentively and correctly. 

During the implementation of the construction phase, effective communication is crucial. Ascertain that the budget established at the planning stage is adhered to. Keep track of any deviations from the original plan as the project progresses. 

The following characteristics define a successful implementation stage: 

  • Resource allocation 
  • Task management 
  • Logistics 
  • Implementation of project management plans as per the deadlines 
  • Tracking project execution 
  • Daily Status Meetings 
  • Quality Control 
  • Safety Management  

4. Performance and Monitoring Phase 

This step occurs at the same time as the implementation procedure. Performance and monitoring ensure that all items are completed on time and in accordance with the project schedule. As a result, it is a regular step that should be addressed during execution. 

From start to completion, every operation in a commercial building project should follow the project management plan. KPIs, or Key Performance Indicators, are the ideal tools to employ at this time. Here are some (Key Performance Indicators) KPI examples: 

  • Tracking Effort and Costs – determines if the budget is on track 
  • Performance Management – track changes and unforeseen obstacles 
  • Quality Management- determines whether or not specific task deliverables have been met 

5. Project Closure Phase

Project closure, also known as project close-out, is the final stage of the project. This is a crucial phase that, if not handled properly, may turn a good project into a headache for the owner. More than just finishing the punch list, project close-out procedures include handing over the project to the client so they can begin occupancy or operations. 

All project information, a construction closeout document list, and all closeout documentation such as manuals, warranties, as-builts, and final accounting must be supplied to clients. Construction-related insurance must be replaced with permanent property insurance. 

A systematic procedure called commissioning is used for many larger projects, where systems are tested for performance to ensure they meet the set specifications. The necessity of instructing the Owner on how to operate their facilities cannot be overstated. 


Construction Project Management  

There are many specifications for the construction project, including a comprehensive understanding of the design, the entire construction process, and contemporary business management.  

Construction project management entails planning and organizing every stage of the undertaking, from conception to completion. Construction project management is a holistic approach focussing on the objective of completing projects on schedule and within budget while also adhering to safety regulations and the project’s/client’s requirements. Cost control, scheduling, procurement, and risk assessment are just a few of the significant issues that must be addressed in the complicated discipline of construction project management. Project managers communicate with every member of the team working on a building project, including architects, owners, and contractors. 

Benefits of Construction Project Management 

The following are the key benefits associated with Construction Project Management: 

  • Optimize the Project Schedule to meet Deadlines – Construction project management enables optimizing the Project Schedule to meet deadlines. Creating a robust Construction management system requires careful planning for construction projects that ensure reduced rework and maximize productivity and profitability. 
  • Cost Benefits – A concrete construction project management process will identify numerous efficient ways to reduce costs and establish a reasonable budget, making it simple to avoid overspending. 
  • Ensure Compliance – An appropriate construction project management system will comply with the most recent rules and industry standards. 
  • Enhance Communication and Coordination – Construction project management enables effective Communication and Coordination by creating a centralized communication channel for all the stakeholders. Bringing everyone involved in the construction project on the same page is the most advantageous aspect of effective Construction Project Management. 

Construction Projects can be complicated, which makes project management in the industry much more difficult. Project managers are an important part of this complicated puzzle. As a result, understanding the various construction project phases makes the process much smoother and more efficient. 

The most important thing is to involve all major stakeholders, including subcontractors, as early as possible in the project. Nevertheless, each phase of construction has its own sequence of functions and objectives. They establish the strategic framework for a successful project if they are carried out thoroughly. 

Follow Indovance Inc for AEC Industry Updates and Global Construction News.  

Indovance Inchas been serving the construction industry since 2003 and understands the importance of the Project Life-cycle stages for efficient construction management. We incorporate the latest industry techniques and standards for efficient management of construction project phases. 

Our FOCUS is to LISTEN to our clients to fully comprehend their goals and plans for a project. Once a clear understanding of the project objectives is established, a collaboration strategy is developed to move from concept to completion. We believe that for a successful construction project, early planning is essential. Our seasoned CAD experts, paired with our streamlined processes, lower costs, mitigate risk, and shorten project timelines while maintaining quality at every stage. 

Indovance acts as a catalyst, Empowering You for positive change and supporting you to Do More. 

For more queries regarding any of the above-mentioned topics, feel free to connect with us on our website www.indovance.com or contact us on +1-919-238-4044 

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